97 N.C. L. REV 1828 (2019)
In the time it takes you to read this article, someone in the United States will likely fatally overdose on opioids. Drug overdose deaths have risen dramatically over the last twenty-five years, prompting the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to declare the opioid crisis a public health emergency. In response, states began creating prescription drug monitoring programs ("PDMPs") to reduce overprescribing, both by helping prescribers make informed decisions and by helping law enforcement identify deviant prescribers and dispensers. As of 2017, all fifty states have enacted PDMPs, though the degree to which physicians are required to use the programs when prescribing opioids varies by state.